Typical Class

Because most students are new to martial arts the following is an example of a typical class.

Arrival
When students arrive before class, if no class is currently in session, they should bow and walk onto the mat area. A student should not walk onto the mats until their belt is tied. Students who need help should ask another student for help. This is part of showing the tenet of respect.

Before Class Starts
If students are on the mats they should not run around but should stretch, loosen up muscles, practice, perform their techniques slowly, etc. This is a good time to ask higher belts questions and to practice your level material. Students can talk, but talk should be kept low. It should not be loud. Students should not be shouting or screaming while on the mats. This is also part of showing the tenet of respect. Students who are waiting for a class to finish should wait in the sitting area. When the instructor calls the previous class to attention to wrap up, they should stand with their back to the class and remain so until the previous class bows out.

Conduct While a Class Is in Session
If a student is waiting for a current class to end or simply watching a class, they should keep quiet and not disrupt class. This is part of showing the tenet of courtesy.

Arriving Late to Class
If the class a student is attending has already started, he/she should stand at the edge of the mats and wait for permission from the instructor or another black belt before bowing in and walking onto the mat. Students should stand in a Junbi stance and wait patiently. If that entails waiting a minute or so, please show respect and wait. Arriving time for classes to start is best We understand this is not always possible, but students should not make arriving late a habit.

Start of Class
When class begins, the instructor will call for the students to line up. Students should respond loudly with, 'Yes, Sir' and line up based on the command (in this case, number of students in the first row). Students should be able to line up in the proper order (by rank, older students first within the same rank). The second and third rows should line up directly behind the students in front of them unless instructed otherwise by the instructor. Once at the proper location, each student should stand at attention in Junbi, with their eyes forward and no talking. This is part of showing the tenet of respect. We start with a word of prayer. After the conclusion of prayer, the lead student will yell out the following commands:

1. Geuk gi Hyang Ha Yoh (Gookee Hiyah HiYoh). This means, 'Face the flags.' Only the instructors should move. They will spin and face the flags.

2. Charyut (Choiyut). This means 'Come to attention.' All students including the instructor will bring their feet together and their arms to their sides. Students should be standing tall and erect.

3. Kyunyea (Kunyay). This means 'Bow.' Students will bow to the flags and remain in this position until the next command is given.

4. Baro (Barrow). This means 'Return.' Students will return from the bow and stand erect. At this time the instructors will turn to face the class.

5. Sah bum nim geh (Saah Bum nim gey). This means 'Face the Master.' Students will face the instructor and remain in this position. The students at the end of the lines will pivot slightly to face the instructor. Note this command is slightly different for the other black belt ranks listed below.

   Yoodunjah geh 1st Dan
   Jojanim geh 2nd Dan
   Boo Sabum nim geh 3rd Dan
   Sah bum nim geh Master
   Kwanjangnim geh Grandmaster and above.

6. Kyunyea (Kunyay). This means 'Bow.' Students will bow to the instructor and remain in this position until the next command is given.

7. Baro (Barrow). This means 'Return.' Students will return from the bow and stand erect while facing forward.
After the above commands the lead instructor will issue the command 'Junbi.' Students should return to their ready stance for warmups to start.

Warmups
Each class will have warmups. Many of these drills will be repetitive. Other warm up drills will not be done every class. They will be done depending on the number of students and their skill. Students should do their best in these warms up, performing the strikes, kicks, blocks and other techniques with speed and power. Strong practice makes for strong use in the real world should students have to use their training. This is not a time to layoff and 'take it easy'. To do this is disrespectful to your instructor and the art of Taekwondo. Warm--ups usually last from ten to twenty--five minutes depending on the class.

Stretching
After warm--ups when students are properly warmed up we have a time to stretch out. Either the instructor will lead the stretching or he will allow students to pair off and stretch together. Once students have sufficiently stretched the class moves on to the next section.

Instruction/Practice
This section of class represents the majority of the time in every class. This is where techniques are introduced, explained, practiced, critiqued and reviewed. How this time is spent is not always the same; however, students will have time to practice forms, Hapkido, Tactical Hapkido and step sparring. Sometimes students form into lines to do kicking drills on bags, go through Hapkido drills, work on blocks and counters etc. Students can pair up to work on kicks or kick combinations, or to assist one another with forms or Hapkido. Another use for this time is for students who are new or have been recently promoted, to learn material for their new belt level. The instructors will make their rounds to students and work with them one on one during this time. If students have questions they should approach higher belted students first and request assistance. If a higher belt is not available then they can request assistance from the instructor.

Ending Class
When class is almost finished, the instructor will call for everyone to come to attention and to bow to whomever was working with them. Students who are working together should bow to each other to show courtesy and return to the same location in line as the start of class. Students who have training items out should put them away at this time unless the instructor says otherwise. Students who are already in line should stand in Junbi and wait for everyone to get into line. Students should not be talking at this time.

Conclusion of Class
After every student is in line and in a Junbi stance the instructor may have the students do one final task like horse stance punches, pushups or blocks. Once that is complete the lead student will yell out the following commands.

1. Geuk gi Hyang Ha Yoh (Gookee Hiyah HiYoh). This means, 'Face the flags.' Only the instructors should move. They will spin and face the flags.

2. Charyut (Choiyut). This means 'Come to attention.' All students including the instructor will bring their feet together and their arms to their sides. Students should be standing tall and erect.

3. Kyunyea (Kunyay). This means 'Bow.' Students will bow to the flags and remain in this position until the next command is given.

4. Baro (Barrow). This means 'Return.' Students will return from the bow and stand erect. At this time the instructors will turn to face the class.

5. Sah bum nim geh (Saah Bum nim gey). This means 'Face the Master.' Students will face the instructor and remain in this position. The students at the end of the lines will pivot slightly to face the instructor. Note this command is slightly different for the other black belt ranks listed below.

   Yoodunjah geh 1st Dan
   Jojanim geh 2nd Dan
   Boo Sabum nim geh 3rd Dan
   Sah bum nim geh Master
   Kwanjangnim geh Master and above.

6. Kyunyea (Kunyay). This means 'Bow.' Students will bow to the instructor and remain in this position until the next command is given.

7. Baro (Barrow). This means 'Return.' Students will return from the bow and stand erect while facing forward.

After the above command, students should remain at attention for any final announcements or dismissal. Once announcements are done, the commands below are used to conclude class.

1. Lead instructor says, 'Class dismissed.'

2. Students respond with, 'Taekwon', walk backwards to the edge of the mat/training area and stop there.

3. Students bow and together say, 'Com Sah Hom Nee Dha,' which means 'Thank you for teaching us.'

4. Instructors will respond with, 'Chun Mun Ay Yoe' which means 'You are welcome.'

5. Students are free to go at this point. Any students for the next class are free to bow and walk onto the mats.